Looking at this 1858 plan of Ballina and the lower Richmond River estuary today, it's easy to expect that Aboriginal people would have been on site here all year round taking advantage of the abundance of resources on offer in and around the beaches and tidal flats.

This however was not the case. Aboriginal people moved around their Country in regular seasonal patterns largely aligned with their management practices and the abundance of resources.

Occasions like the spring oyster harvesting season here on the coast for example provided important chances for groups to gather and share social exchanges including ceremonial corroborees.

In a recording dating back to 1963, Uncle Henry Cook spoke of his memory of a coroboree song relevant to Evans Head.

This archival recording undertaken by John Gordon on Cabbage Tree Island, provides us with a special insight into how traditional Aboriginal culture viewed the seamless way people could merge in and out of their Country, including the ocean.

The role of song in story telling was also central to this small song about camping sung by Uncle Douglas in 1983.

Aboriginal Women's Heritage: Ballina and Cabbage Tree Island

Twelve Aboriginal Women from Cabbage Tree Island and Ballina have told stories about their unique historical experience of Aboriginal women along the lower Richmond River in the Office of Environment and Heritage publication Aboriginal Women's Heritage: Ballina and Cabbage Tree Island .

All the women have a strong connection to the area and to the people who live there. They describe the support and sense of connection that still unites the Cabbage Tree Island community.

Times may have changed for these women but their memories, love and knowledge will now be passed on for all to appreciate.